Employer’s social security contributions

As an employer, you need to take care of your employees’ pension cover and other social security.

Lower limit for TyEL insurance

You need to take out TyEL insurance for your employee when the salary that you pay him or her exceeds a specific lower limit. The limit changes annually. In 2021, it is EUR 61.37 per month (in 2020 EUR 60.57). This monthly TyEL lower limit refers to the gross salary that you pay to your employee. Even if the salary that you pay to your employee remains below the TyEL lower limit, you should report it to the Incomes Register.

TyEL contribution percentage 

If you are a contract employer, your TyEL contribution is 24.8% in 2021, when the payroll amount is below EUR 2,125,500 (in 2019). In 2020, your TyEL contribution is 25.3% in the period 1 January–30 April and 22.70% in the period 1 May–31 December, when the payroll amount is below EUR 2,086,500 (in 2018).

If you are a temporary employer, your TyEL contribution is 24.8% in 2021. In 2020, your TyEL contribution is 25.30% in the period 1 January–30 April and 22.70% in the period 1 May–31 December.

Read more about a large employer's TyEL contribution >

Employees’ age limits

You must take out TyEL insurance for all of your employees aged between 17 and 67 years. The obligation to insure starts from the beginning of the month following the employee’s 17th birthday. For example, if your employee turns 17 in June, you must insure him or her as of the beginning of July.

Your obligation to insure ends depending on the year in which your employee was born. If your employee was born

  • in or before 1957, you do not need to insure him or her after he or she has turned 68
  • in 1958–1961, you do not need to insure him or her after he or she has turned 69
  • in or after 1962, you do not need to insure him or her after he or she has turned 70. 

Employee’s pension insurance contribution 2020 and 2021

ages 17–52 7.15% 

ages 53–62 8.65% 

ages 62–68 7.15% 

Social security 2020 contribution table

Download the social security 2020 contribution table (pdf) >

Are you self-employed?

If you are an entrepreneur, you are responsible for your pension cover and other social security yourself. If you only employ yourself, i.e. if you have no employees, read more about the self-employed person’s social security.

Read about the self-employed person's social security