Pension system in Finland
If you’re starting a business in Finland, you might be wondering why it’s mandatory for entrepreneurs to take out pension insurance. Or for employers to get pension insurance for their employees. We’ll help you understand the Finnish pension system and the insurances – dive in below.
What is the pension system like in Finland?
There are two main types of pensions – the national pension and the earnings-related pension. The latter is a pension that you accrue based on your work. This applies to both employees and entrepreneurs. The national pension and its supplement, the guarantee pension, are there to secure basic livelihood in case the earnings-related pension is very small or doesn’t exist. Pensions are a part of social security in Finland, and voluntary pension insurances are relatively uncommon.
One of the best pension systems in the world
The Finnish pension system might not be all that simple, but it is reliable. In fact, Finland has one of the best pension systems in the world. The Mercer Global Pension Index ranks Finland’s pension system number one in the world for transparency and reliability, and number seven in the overall score.
Don’t take our word for it: Check out the the Mercer Global Pension Index yourself (etk.fi)
What is Ilmarinen?
We are Finland’s largest and oldest private earnings-related pension insurance company.
We have taken care of our customers’ pensions since 1961, and as a mutual pension insurance company, we are wholly owned by our customers.
Our task is to ensure that our customers receive the pension they earned from work.
We offer employees’ and self-employed persons’ pension insurance for employers and entrepreneurs operating in Finland.
Pension for all employees and entrepreneurs
Earnings-related pension encompasses both employees and entrepreneurs. Employees are insured under TyEL, an insurance which their employer takes out. Self-employed people are insured under YEL, which they take out for themselves. These insurances are a part of the Finnish social security, and they are mandatory.
YEL – pension security for the self-employed
If you are an entrepreneur, then YEL insurance is the basis for both your pension and social security. With each insurance contribution, you grow your pension and improve your other social security benefits. The insurance is mandatory for entrepreneurs, and you cannot replace it with a voluntary pension insurance.
TyEL – pension security for your employees
As an employer, you need to take out pension insurance for your employees. This insurance is known as TyEL insurance. If you employ at least one person on a permanent basis and pay them a certain minimum amount in wages, you will need to take out TyEL insurance. Even if you are only a temporary employer, you have to pay the insurance contributions.
What kind of pension security do I get?
The pension system is meant to provide income security in old age, as well as in the event of disability or the death of a family's breadwinner. This means that the pension security entails, for example, old age pension, disability pension and a survivor’s pension.Read more about the different types of pensions