You can retire on old-age pension at any point after you have reached your lower retirement age. The longer you work, the larger your pension will be.
When can I retire on old-age pension?
You can retire on old-age pension when
- You have reached your lower old-age pension age and
- Your employment relationship has ended.
Your retirement age depends on your birth year. In addition to having reached the retirement age, retiring on old-age pension requires the termination of the employment relationship. If you are self-employed, you can continue your entrepreneurial activities as before.
Retiring on old-age pension
Retiring on old-age pension is easy. Before retiring, you can estimate the amount of your future pension using the pension calculator and decide if it would be a good idea for you to retire later. You can also consider the possibility of retiring on a partial old-age pension.
When you know the date of our retirement, terminate your employment relationship and file a pension application. Pension does not begin automatically.
Beginning of old-age pension
Your old-age pension can begin at the earliest at the beginning of the following month after you have reached your lower old-age pension age and your employment relationship has ended. You can apply for old-age pension retroactively for a maximum of three months.
If we do not have all the necessary information, such as the latest earnings information or the end date of employment, we will issue a provisional pension decision, based on which the pension will be paid into your account. Once we have all the necessary information, you will receive a final pension decision. The amount of your pension may change in connection with the final decision, if, for example, your employer reports more earnings.
Pension is taxable income, so you must apply for a pension tax card from the tax authority. Order the tax card after receiving the provisional decision.
You were born on 6 April 1960, so your lower old-age pension age is 64 years 6 months. Your employment relationship has ended. You can retire on old-age pension at the earliest on 1 November 2024.
Amount of old-age pension
The amount of old-age pension is the pension accrued by the beginning of the pension.
An increase for deferred retirement will be calculated on the accrued pension if you choose not to start withdrawing the old-age pension right at the lower retirement age and you do not receive an unemployment benefit for that period. The increase for deferred retirement is 0.4 per cent for each deferred month.
If you retire after your lower old-age pension age
A person was born in 1959, which means that his or her lower retirement age is 64 years and 3 months. The person continues working and retires on old-age pension at the age of 65. By the age of 65, he or she has accrued EUR 2,000 in old-age pension. This pension amount will be increased by the increase for deferred retirement. The increase percentage is 9 mths x 0.4% = 3.6%. The increase for deferred retirement amounts to EUR 2,000 x 3.6% = EUR 72. The pension amount at the age of 65 is EUR 2,072 per month. Finally, the pension amount will be reduced by the impact of the life expectancy coefficient.
From a disability pension to an old-age pension
Your disability pension and years-of-service pension will be automatically converted into an old-age pension of the same size when you reach your lower old-age pension age. If you have worked alongside your pension, you must apply for the pension accrued for that work.